Figure 1: Chrysophyllum albidum tree (A) and fruits (B) . .. Figure 2: Fiber fractions of the freeze-dried edible parts of Chrysophyllum albidum fruit. Download scientific diagram | Showing pictures of Chrysophyllum albidum fruit, tree and seed from publication: A Comprehensive Review on Ethno-Medicine. 9 Oct This study aimed at providing information on the use and local knowledge variation on Chrysophyllum albidum G. Don a multipurpose tree.
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Ten millilitre TCA solutions were added to the sample tubes. Among the plant species, the multipurpose species significantly contribute to livelihood enhancing of local populations [ 3 – 5 ]. It may also create public awareness of its utilization when in season. The native vegetation is a semi-deciduous forest which has been converted in almost its totality in a mosaic of traditional agroforestry systems fallows, fields and orchard and human settlements where endogenous, cultivated and exotic plant species co-occur [ 27 ].
Chemical evaluation of the nutritive value of the fruits of African star apple Chrysophyllum albidium Food Chem.
Random samples of 10 fruits each were collected weekly per seller and from five sellers from each of the seven markets namely; Dugbe, Orita-Challenge, Oja-Oba, Oje, Bodija, Idi-ikan and Ojo markets. Ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of the threatened multipurpose scrambling shrub Caesalpinia bonduc L.
Total GC running time was 36 minutes. Vitamin C, protein and mineral contents of African apple Chrysophyllum albidum. Fifteen diseases were reported to be treated by the different parts of C.
Chrysophyllum albidum – Wikipedia
Adesina and Achinewhu reported that fruit pulp of Chrysophyllum albidum contains Despite the role of ecological barrier chrysophyllu Dahomey Gap played in the distribution of many evergreen rain forests species in Western Africa [ 11 ], Chrysophyllum albidum is present in Benin.
Further studies are required to elucidate the antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic, hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic potentials of C.
Data on proximate composition and starch content are presented in Table 3. Although chrysopgyllum fruits of this species contribute to improve health, nutrition, food security and income of the local communities, the species could be further exploited in the region.
The bark of the species was locally used for healing coughing, icterus and yellow fever while the leaves were employed to treat malaria, high blood pressure and anemia. This was determined according to the method of Harborne [ 23 ]. In terms of biological activity six of the compounds possess both antioxidant and hypocholesterolemic properties. Insect pests encountered in a citrus orchard in Nigeria.
Use value of C. The possible names, molecular weights and structures of the components of the test materials were thus ascertained [ 35 ]. One option to explore is to plant this species around urban areas together with the protection of the current existing specimens.
The freeze dried edible parts of C. Some physical properties of African star apple Chrysophyllum albidum seeds. The constant weight was recorded and alkaloid content was determined by weight difference of the chrydophyllum paper and expressed as a percentage of the sample analyzed.
Woody plants of nutritional importance in traditional farming system of the Nigeria humid tropics. Chrysophyolum of Physiology and Pathohysiology. Antibacterial activity and phytochemical screening of Chrysophyllum albidum leaves. Vanillin reacts with proantocyandins and leucoanthocyanidins or catechins in the presence of HCI giving rise to a bright red color.
The nutritional value of C. Proximate Composition of the freeze dried edible parts of Chrysophyllum albidum fruit.
Biodeterioration of the African star apple Chrysophylum albidum in storage and the effect on its food value. Grind the seeds and add palm oil locally named tchocho. Sustainable use of non-timber forest products: The region is characterized by a bi-modal climatic regime with two rainy seasons one long from mid March to mid July and one short from mid September to mid November alternating with two dry seasons one large from mid November to mid March and one short from mid July to mid September.
The bark was used against cough, icterus, yellow fever and the fruits against avitaminosis and the dental decay. Previous studies on C. The obtained protein values are higher compared to the values reported for this fruit by Amusa et al.
Medicinal plants useful for malaria therapy in Okeigbo, Ondo state, southwest Nigeria.
African Research Review
Results Use categories of C. Samples of ripe fruits were randomly collected from seven markets and homestead trees at different locations in Ibadan metropolis. Insect pests of Chrysophyllum albidum fruits in South Western Nigeria. The mixture was shaken and then allowed to stand for 4 h before it was filtered. Albium screening of the edible parts of freeze dried Chrysophyllum albidum fruit.
Chrysophyllum albidum – Useful Tropical Plants
Chrysophyllum albidum bole showing its fluted structure. The population in this area is a multi-ethnic with the dominance of Chryaophyllum and Fon ethnic groups [ 28 ]. Uses, traditional management, perception of variation and preferences in ackee Blighia sapida K.
Discussion Utilization and use categories of C. The species was also used in traditional chrysophyolum and was reported to have medico-magical properties. Fat provide an excellent source of energy, enhance transport of fat soluble vitamins, insulate and protect internal tissues and contribute to vital cell process.
Received Feb 16; Accepted Sep Feeding of xanthan gum to diabetic subjects have been shown to lower fasting and postload serum glucose levels and total plasma cholesterol [ 53 ]. They were asked whether they knew and used C. Similarly, significant differences were observed between age classes regarding the medicinal uses of C. Acknowledgments We are grateful to the local communities of Plateau of Allada in Benin who accept to share their knowledge on the African star Apple with us.
The percentage saponins content of the sample was calculated using this formula:.