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Facts About. Spiny threecorner-Jack is native to Mediterranean Africa, but has made its way around the world. It has a patchy distribution in the U.S. and is. Emex spinosa (spiny emex, devil’s-thorn) is an annual (family Polygonaceae) found on California’s south coast. This Mediterranean native is not yet common in . Emex Campd. Environment. terrestrial. Original description. Not documented. Taxonomic citation. WoRMS (). Emex spinosa. Accessed at.

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Full Key All other flowering non-woody plants All other herbaceous, flowering dicots Emex spinosa.

Scott JK; Beasley P, It originates in the warmer parts of the old worldbut now has spread with man to other places. Proceedings of the international workshop on combating desertification: Australian weed control handbook.

Cotyledons are linear in E.

Many of these species also include Rumex as host plants. Sequence from top to bottom of column: Weed control in apple orchards.

Description Fruit an achene enclosed in persistent hardened perianth4—8 mm long, 2. Current research on plant pathogens as biocontrol agents for weeds of Mediterranean origin. In order to restrict the plant’s introduction or spread via human intervention, E. Lee C, Schaaf T, eds.

Emex spinosa – Wikipedia

Potential biological control agents for Emex spp. The lesser jack tends to grow as a sprawling weed. At the end of the plant’s life, the root emrx up and pulls the seeds at the base of the stem into the ground.


Australian Seeds Research Conference, 2 a Curculionidae for biological control of the weeds Emex spp.

Title Subterranean achenes Caption E. These findings are consistent with the facts that on a global scale, E. Can you please help us?

Journal of Applied Ecology, Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Under laboratory conditions, B. Similar species Emex australis Steinh. These are produced both in clusters along the branches and at the base of the stem. Weed Research, 17 5: Utilizing existing natural enemies to enhance the control of Emex australis in south-west Australia.

Pathogens of Emex australis Steinheil and their potential for biological control. The biology of Australian weeds.

Bracteole number Apiaceae 0 Bracts in plantain Plantago NA Final leaf segment length compound lvs only 0 mm Final leaf segment length to width ratio compound lvs only 0 Hairs on underside of leaf the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs Leaf arrangement alternate: Weed control in transplanted “Iceberg” lettuce.

Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, 5: Journal of Range Management, 5: International Common Names English: In many warm climes, it can flower year-round, and is highly prolific.


Identification considerations The spiny fruits of Emex spinosa and Emex australis distinguish this small genus of only two species from RumexFagopyrumand Polygonum.

spiny emex, Emex spinosa Polygonales: Polygonaceae

Gilbey and Gilbey and Weiss differentiate the species based upon the young seedlings and the shape of achenes. Zohary, ; Holm et al. This makes control of Emex more difficult as new waves of seedlings may emerge with each subsequent major rainfall events throughout the season Weiss, Environmental Requirements A prerequisite to invading a new habitat is the ability to tolerate the new climatic conditions.

In a comparatively flat area that was not especially suited for the collection of runoff water, as little as 51 mm annual rainfall was enough for some E. Distribution Top of page E.

Emex spinosa

Unlike the situation in Hawaii, E. Dpinosa 29 mm annual rainfall, there was not enough moisture to allow germination and with mm annual rainfall there was good germination and the production of both mature subterranean and aerial achenes.

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