A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Tangier disease. Tangier Disease Neuropathy – High-Density Lipoprotein Deficiency, Tangier Type – High-Density Neuropatia de Enfermedad Tangier – Neuropatía de. PDF | On Jan 1, , Juan Gómez Gerique and others published La enfermedad de Tangier.

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This condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, meaning that for the phenotype to appear, two enfermedaf of the gene must be present in the genotype. Abetalipoproteinemia Apolipoprotein B deficiency Chylomicron retention disease. After initial diagnosis with Niemann-Pick he was transferred to Dr.

HONselect – Tangier Disease

No weight loss was present. Mutations to chromosome 9q31 lead to a defective ABCA1 transporter. The physical exploration was normal.

These subjects have very low plasma cholesterol levels and their HDL is dw undetectable 1. Articles needing additional references from December All articles needing additional references Infobox medical condition new. Individuals with TD are unable to eliminate cholesterol from cells, leading to its buildup in the tonsils and other organs. He had no family history, exhibited lipid changes, and was free of coronary disease.

Individuals that are homozygotes for Tangier’s disease develop various cholesterol ester depositions. The disorder was originally discovered on Tangier Island off the coast of Virginiabut has now been identified in people from many different countries. A low-fat diet can reduce some of the symptoms, especially those involving neuropathies.


Discussion Tangier disease is a disorder of lipid metabolism that was first described in The discovery of this important cholesterol transport gene may lead to a better understanding of the inverse relationship between HDL levels and tanyier artery disease, an important killer in the US.

Genes and Disease [Internet]. The evolution was satisfactory, and the bowel habit regressed to normal with no need for medication.

D ICD – New drugs that regulate HDL levels may be developed and such drugs would not only help individuals with TD, but also people with more common disorders such as familial HDL deficiency. Lipid metabolism disorders Autosomal recessive disorders Membrane transport protein enfermedsd Skin conditions resulting from errors in metabolism Rare diseases. Neuropathy and cardiovascular disease are the most devastating developments caused by Tangier’s disease.

The tonsils are visibly affected by this disorder; they frequently appear orange or yellow and are extremely enlarged. Support Center Support Center. Genetic disordermembrane: Louis Avioli at the National Cancer Institute. Nat Genet ; National Institute of Health.

Ann Intern Med ; A year-old male was diagnosed with Tangier disease. Retrieved from ” https: Tangier disease TD is a genetic disorder of cholesterol transport named for the secluded island of Tangier, located tqngier the coast of Virginia. Turn recording back on. The underlying molecular defect is poorly understood, although apolipoprotein A-I catabolism is increased.


Tangier disease – Genes and Disease. People affected by this condition also have slightly elevated encermedad of fat in the blood mild hypertriglyceridemia enfermdad disturbances in nerve function neuropathy. This cholesterol is then picked up by HDL particles in the blood and carried to the liver, which processes the cholesterol to be reused in cells throughout the body.

Such an absence, while unusual, has been previously described 5.

Enfermedad de Tangier

One article reported on the endoscopic appearance of the rectal mucosa 5but we found no literature references regarding the appearance of the gastric mucosa.

Ina five-year-old patient named Teddy Laird from Tangier Island, Virginiapresented enfermsdad strikingly large and yellow-orange tonsils which were removed by armed forces physicians. Tangier disease is caused by mutations in the gene encoding ATP-binding cassette transporter 1. Tangier disease also known as Familial alpha-lipoprotein deficiency [1]: Views Read Edit View history.

Study of the first case in Spain. Severe HDL deficiency in the blood originates cholesterol deposition in both reticuloendothelial and Schwann cells 4. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Med Clin Barc ; 93 8: Our patient, who was diagnosed with Tangier disease based on lipid tqngier testing, had no orange tonsils.