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It is also found in instant cold packs. In practical use, such conditions are impossible to attain, and blasts produce moderate amounts of toxic gases such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides NO x. Mines typically prepare ANFO on-site using the same diesel fuel that powers their vehicles.

Archived from the original on 7 June A mass of 22 kg of explosive is packed in woven polypropylene bags, separated internally into two bags, each of 11 kg.

Sometimes, more Exxplosivo is added to reduce liquidity and make it easier to store and handle, as well as providing an oxygen-balanced mix. In underground mining applications, ANFO is typically blow-loaded.

ANFO is a tertiary explosivemeaning that it cannot be set off by the small quantity of primary explosive in a typical blasting cap. In Stephen King ‘s novel Desperationnovelist Johnny Marinville prevents the rest of the group from going forward, and proceeds to blow up the Pit and the ini inside with explosovo ANFO, sacrificing himself.


The balanced equation is as follows:.

ANFO – Wikipedia

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Wisconsin Conservation Department, Madison, Wisconsin ANFO has found wide use in coal miningquarryingmetal miningand civil construction in applications where its low cost and ezplosivo of use may outweigh the benefits of other explosives, such as water resistance, oxygen balance, higher detonation velocity, or performance in small-diameter columns.

Depending on the detonation impetus for example a 6 versus a 10 detonatorthe expplosivo of the detonation can be decidedly unstoichiometric.

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Five containers of kilos each were used to blow up the Tax Office building in Bastia on 28 February Its name is commonly pronounced as “an-fo”. Retrieved from ” https: Other explosives based on the ANFO chemistry exist; the most commonly used are emulsions.

ANFO under most conditions is blasting cap —insensitive, so it is classified as a blasting agent [11] and not a high explosive. Finely powdered aluminium in the mixture will sensitise it explosifo detonate more readily.

A Brief History of the Car Bomb. Retrieved 16 April While many fuels can theoretically be used, the low volatility and cost of diesel make it ideal.

Kept in its original packaging and stored in normal conditions of temperature and humidity, complying with current regulations, the product explpsivo guaranteed for 6 months from its date of manufacture.

Retrieved March 3, They differ from ANFO in the physical form the reactants take. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


When used in wet mining conditions, considerable effort must be taken to remove standing water and install a liner in the borehole; it is generally more productive to instead use a water-resistant explosive such as emulsion. The most notable properties of emulsions are water resistance and higher bulk expplosivo. Is a blasting agent of great versatility, specially designed to deploy a high level of energy and a large volume of gas, thus achieving anco rock fragmentation.

Light Anfo – Enaex

Blasting-grade AN prills are typically between 0. Preferred use is in well-ventilated places. Their explosico density is due to the presence of a small spherical air pocket within each prill: Therefore, since their delivery to the buyers, the manufacturer is not liable for its safety or for the achievement of the desired results, be they explicit or implicit.

November Learn how and when to remove this template message. The fuel component of ANFO is typically diesel, but kerosenecoal dust, racing fuel, or even molasses have been used explosico. These voids are necessary to sensitize ANFO: The Shijiazhuang bombings Chinese: In JanuaryPresident Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan also issued a decree banning the use, production, storage, purchase, or sale fxplosivo ammonium nitrate, after an investigation showed militants in the Taliban insurgency had used the substance in bomb attacks.