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Coming from Persia (now Iran), Mahmud Gawan brought with him fabrics, Ethiopian slaves, jewels and most importantly, Arabian horses. Imaduddin Mahmud Gawan (mehmUd gavAn) (ಮೆಹ್ಮೂದ್ ಗವಾನ್) belongs to that rare breed of administrators who rendered great service to the. Mahmud Gawan Madrasa is an old Islamic school (Madrasa), located in Bidar, Karnataka state of India. The school was built by Khwaza.

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The results show – with him reaching heritage sites that are as stunning as they are obscure.

Gawan was given the rank of a nobleman in the Bidari court, with 1, men at his command. Second, it weakened the power of its arch-enemy Mamhud Kingdom. A Russian traveller, Athanasius Nikitin, who visited Bidar, has recorded that Mohammad Gawan’s mansion was guarded by a hundred armed men and ten torchbearers. Madarasa of Mahmud Gawan. He could bring in many administrative reforms. He divided the existing four parts of the kingdom to eight segments. A great emphasis is placed on decorative inscriptions, such as the lettering on the parapet done by expert calligraphers which is over 3′ high.

File:Madarasa of Mahmud – Wikimedia Commons

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. He represented a refined and cosmopolitan vision of the contemporary Persian culture He became the minister of Fairoze and exhibited his ability in more than one field. Mahmud Gawan was familiar with renowned colleges at Samarkhand and Khorasan and his own college or Madrassah was modeled on the West Asian architecture.

Very diplomatically, Gawan secured the help of the Sultans of Jaunpur, Bengal and Gujarat to subdue the powerful ruler of Malwa. Gawan was rich due to his international trade but spent his entire earnings on promotion of education. It is also recorded in history that the structure suffered significant damage following a lightning struck in Almost at the centre of Bidar’s Old Town stand the graceful buildings, which bear testimony to the genius and eclecticism of Mohammad Gawan.


Retrieved 16 March On every Friday night, he used to visit various places of worship of the Muslims. A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. He conquered many ports in the Eastern coast and thus established avenues for oceanic trade between the Bahmani kingdom and some countries in the Middle East.

College Campus of yesteryears. He was held responsible for a compromising letter with his forged signature and he was executed by the king Mehmud-3 infor alleged treason.

With a far superior resource and population base than Iran, the Deccan kingdoms were more wealthy and attracted talent. He was familiar with the renowned colleges at Samarkhand and Khorasan in Persia and his own college or Madrassah was modeled on the West Asian architecture.

He exercised strict control over local officials to ensure that they took interest in the development of agriculture and do not charge more than the fixed revenue. Mahmud Gawan served with a great distinction as Prime Minister of three Bahamni Sultans for about twenty three years from to A.

The tower minar has been faced with enameled tiles of different colours in zig zag lines round the lower half of it. On one side were the Deccanis and on the other, Westerners, like Gawan himself. The monument is located between the Chowbara Clock Tower and the fort from where it is a few hundred meters away. A linguist and a mathematician, he, together with carefully chosen scientists, philosophers and religious seers, created a distinguished religious school.

Khwaja Mahmud Gilanifrom the village of Gawan in Persiawas well-versed in Islamic theologyPersian language and Mathematics and was a poet and a prose writer of repute.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mahmud Gawan Madrasa. Provisions were made for separate lecture halls and a prayer hall. This page was last edited on 6 Julyat Of this a part is still to be seen on the right side gawah the front.


A Deccan story: Mahmud Gawan

It blew up fully of one-fourth of the edifice, destroying the tower and entrance. The madrasa however, built to reaffirm Mahmid ism as the state religion, is clearly modeled on contemporary central Asian buildings. Greatly impressed with his military genius, Sultan Humayun Shah had taken him in his service.

They considered him a foreigner and his influence over the royalty brought amhmud lot of contention. He cooked food in earthen vessels and slept on mattress. He raided the Vijayanagar Empire frequently.

Mahmud Gawan Madarasa is among the monuments in Bidar that require round-the-clock watch. Founded by the prime-minister of the Bahamani empire in the late 15th century, it bears testimony to the scholarly genius of Mahmud Gawan, who first came to Delhi as a Persian trader in exile [2] from Gilan in Iran and moved to Bidar in In-Cloud Lightning over Bidar 2.

They obtained Gawan’s seal and affixed it on a blank paper and forged a letter inviting the king of Orissa to attack the Bahamani Kingdom. He was the prime minister during the rule of the last two. On account of his contribution to the Bahamni in making rapid progress in different fields, Ferishta described Gawan as a fruit of the royal garden and wrote an eulogy of him in about 40 lines.

Most of the surface treatment is composed of colour produced by glazed tiles. The building was of three storeys and was made beautiful with the use of lovely red titles.

He slept on a mattress and his food was cooked in earthen vessels. Yol Bolsun – May there be a road. Ancient UniversityNow a Mosque.