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This book describes how, having smashed one of the two main Catholic armies, he faced the other at Lützen near Leipzig in November Further archaeological research confirmed that the dead had been soldiers from the Battle of Lützen (). The mass grave was block-lifted. The Battle of Lutzen occurred on November 16, during the Thirty Years’ War and resulted in a Swedish victory though gifted leader King.

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Together, the Swedish forces numbered about 18, the imperial forces without Pappenheim were 12, soldiers plus 5, from Pappenheim. Wallenstein was also wounded. After receiving information that Wallenstein had sent out his units, Gustav Adolf led 163 army into motion, seeking a battle. The Imperial field marshal Pappenheim was also fatally wounded.

The attack continued without him, and with Gustavus Adolf, only seven or eight remained. Their attack was a catastrophic failure. The widow, Maria Eleonora, rode in a coach, but Gustavus Adolphus young daughter Christina did not participate.

He died while being evacuated from the field in a coach. The resulting skirmish delayed the Swedish advance by two or three hours, thus when night fell the two armies were still separated by about 2—3 kilometres 1—2 miles.

The counterattack on the left flank of the Imperials was headed personally by Pappenheim, but he was mortally wounded by at least three musket bullets, and the attack stalled. Retrieved from ” https: The Habsburg Emperor did not approve of this decision, however indirect pressure on the Swedish king was successful. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Use dmy dates from May Pages using deprecated image syntax Coordinates on Wikidata Interlanguage link 163 link number Articles containing German-language text Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from ltuzen Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference CS1 Swedish-language sources sv CS1 German-language sources de Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference Subscription required using via Pages containing links to subscription-only content Commons category link is on Wikidata.

However, Gustavus Adolphus’ army, marched out of camp towards Wallenstein’s last-known position and attempted to catch him by surprise.

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Battle of Lützen

He decided to retreat. The foresight of Swedish third-in-command ‘Generalmajor’ Dodo zu Innhausen und Knyphausen also helped stanch the rout: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This would have serious consequences later. Two of the oldest and most experienced infantry units of the Swedish army, lutze ‘Old Blue’ Regiment and the Yellow or ‘Court’ Regiment were effectively wiped out in these assaults; remnants lutzwn them streamed to the rear. Wallenstein had learned of the Swedish approach on the afternoon of 15 November.

In Maythe Emperor Napoleon was visiting the battlefield, playing tour guide with his staff by pointing to the sites and describing the events ofin detail from memory. The battle was characterized by fog, which lay heavy over the fields of Saxony that morning.

His disappearance stopped the initiative of the hitherto successful Swedish right wing, while a search was conducted. Pappenheim himself went at the head of the cavalry, leaving the command of infantry and artillery to Count Rainah and ordering him to advance as quickly as possible.

Battle of Lützen | European history [] |

The embalmed body was dressed in a beautiful gold and silver woven dress and brought in solemn procession to the port town Wolgast. This time both the grieving Dowager Queen, Maria Eleonora and the king’s seven-year-old daughter Christina attended. The battle was generally successful for the Swedes but did not lead to a decisive victory.

The Swedes could demonstrate the usual attributes of victory in the form of captured arms and prisoners in Leipzig. Please try again later. When Streiff died at Wolgast inhis hide was saved and sent to Stockholm and Sweden where it was mounted on a wooden model.

There was a problem with your submission. The defeat of two brigades, all veterans, was a painful blow to the Swedish army.

However, neither of them at first wanted a general battle, settling in field camps some distance from each other. Faced with imperial infantry, the Blue Brigade was attacked by cavalry on both flanks. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. The Imperial army probably lost slightly fewer men than the Swedes on the field, but because of the loss of the battlefield and general theatre of operations to the Swedes, fewer of the wounded and stragglers were able to rejoin the ranks.


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Battle of Lützen (1632)

On November 14, the imperial commander decided to split the army. The Imperial commanders who took part in the council spoke in favor of continuing the battle the next day, suggesting that the fresh Pappenheim soldiers could bring victory. 16632 meant to lutzwn about the pacification…. The body of Gustav II Adolf was plundered of its clothes and gold jewellery and left on the battlefield dressed only in his shirts and long stockings.

The Imperial onslaught on Saxony was halted, Wallenstein chose to withdraw from Saxony into Bohemia for the winter, and Saxony continued in its alliance with the Swedes.

Protecting the King’s body was a buff coat made of moose hide – the old musket wound luyzen his shoulder blade making it impossible for him to wear the pistol-proof plate cuirass normally worn by important officers at that time. In the fog, they were stumbled upon by a group of imperial cuirassiers.

The Swedish army consisted of two groups, each comprised of both infantry and cavalry. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Wallenstein expected to force the elector of Saxony to renounce the alliance with Sweden.

On the funeral day, June 22, the participants gathered outside town. The Clash of Empires. Wallenstein immediately ordered the return of the rest of the army.

Although rumours were circulating much earlier, it was only the following day that Bernhard collected his surviving officers together and told them the truth. When the Swedish king was killed, however, Bernhard assumed command of his army, retrieved the situation along the line, and captured the entire imperial artillery.